Peshawar is the capital of the North-West-Frontier-Province and the administrative centre for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. "Peshawar" literally means The High Fort in Persian and is known as Pekhawar in Pashto. . The area of the city has been ruled by numerous empires including the Afghan, Persian, Shahi, Greek, Maurya, Scythian, Arab, Turk, Mongol, Mughal, Sikh and the British. Peshawar is located in an area that was dominated by various tribes of Indo-Iranian origin. The region was affiliated with the ancient kingdom of Gandhara and had links to the Harappan civilization of the Indus River valley and to Bactria and other ancient kingdoms based in Afghanistan. According to the historian Tertius Chandler, Peshawar had a population of 120,000 in the year 100 BCE, making it the seventh most populous city in the world.
Peshawar is the centre of Pashtun culture and arts as well as a major centre of Hindko culture. With the Russian invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 and the influx of millions of Afghan Refugees into Pakistan, Peshawar became the home for Afghan musicians and artists as well. The city has become the centre for Pashto music and cinema as well Dari music from Afghan Tajiks.
Over 99% of the Peshawar population is Muslim. Despite the overwhelmingly Islamic nature of modern Peshawar, the city was previously home to other smaller communities such as Afghan Jews, Zorastrian, Hindus and Sikhs. Peshawar is one of the oldest cities of the world. It is a conservative Islamic city with a rich history. It offers everything from Goldsmiths and silversmiths, traditional carpets (one of the big exports of Pakistan today), pottery, and clothing to artwork in wood, brass or semi-precious stones. The old walled city, was known for its 16 gates — Bijouri, Kabuli, Aasamai, Kutcheri, Rampura, Hasht Nagri, Toot, Kohati, Sirki, Thandi Khoi, Barzaqan, Ganj, Ramdas, Dabgari and Lahore Gate.
Peshawar is a rapidly growing city with a population of 2,982,816 in 1998. The current population growth rate is 3.29% per year, which is higher than the average of many other Pakistani cities. Peshawar's inhabitants consist mainly of two groups, namely; the majority Pashtun and Peshawaris. In addition, thousands of Tajiks, Hazaras, Uzbeks, Persians, Punjabis, Chitralis and Gypsies can be found in the city.
|1||Number of Employees in Peshawar cluster||33,000|
|4||No. of Arms Units||36|
|5||No. of Retail Arms & Ammunition Shops||150|
|6||Products currently manufactured:|
|b||Guns of various types|